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Birth Control Methods for Women and Men is a topic which is kept largely under wraps. Even today, there are many people who shy away from going to a chemist to buy a condom. As a result, the population worldwide is going out of control. Family planning is frowned upon in many sections of our society. The elders in our household are averse to discussing birth control options and contraceptive methods with us. Things like oral contraceptives are smirked upon. In this article, we shall touch upon various safe birth control methods – natural, pills or surgical – for both men and women.



As soon as the wedding bells ring, it is expected that the newly married couple welcomes a child into this world without delay. This age old concept of having children without giving any thought on how to bring them up or educate them, has led to a surge of poverty and illiteracy in the developing nations.

Also, young adults who are not given sex education at home or at school often fail to practice safe sex. Their hormones get the better of them which results in unwanted pregnancies. It is, therefore, vital to have a healthy conversation with children regarding Precautions and Safe Sex methods.

Awareness about Birth Control Methods –

In recent times, developing nations have taken up Family Planning and Birth Control more seriously. It has finally dawned on these governments that if your need to eradicate poverty; you need to get the population under control.

best birth control options - family planning, oral contraceptives

Best Birth Control Options

There are several family planning advisory groups which educate women on how to put a stop to more children after you have two. Even the government makes a keen effort to educate women on birth control options by organizing drives through villages.

The only remedy against hunger is reasonable birth control.”

As the world population is increasing drastically we have to take steps that are beneficial for us as well as for mankind.

Birth Control Methods and Sensible Decisions –

The decision to practice family planning and even the mode of choosing your birth control option is purely personal. While there are several natural and surgical options for as safe birth control options, the path you want to go down, is dependent on your comfort level.

Family Planning for Newly Weds

Family Planning for Newly Weds

In this article, we looked at the healthy and reliable birth control options for men and women.

What is Birth Control?

Birth control refers to any procedure, drug, or device used to prevent conception. Birth control is a method for both men and women to avoid pregnancy. There are several types of birth control available.

If you are sexually active and do not desire a child, do not delay using birth control methods. An unexpected pregnancy can occur if you have unprotected intercourse. Getting rid of that pregnancy can have severe health complications. Keeping that pregnancy can also lead to several health issues, personal and financial problems.

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Deciding on the Contraceptive Methods –

Consider the following before selecting a birth control options –

    • Are you keen to have children someday?
    • Do you have any pre-existing health concerns?
    • What is the frequency with which you have sex?
    • What are the number of your Sex Partners?
    • Do you need STD/STI or HIV Protection as well?
    • Is the birth control method effective?
    • Does the birth control method have any side effects?
    • Will you be able to adhere to the usability criteria every time?

Natural Birth Control Methods –

Several contraceptive methods may not require a device or any sort of medication –

Family Planning Options

Family Planning Options

Abstinence:

Abstinence in birth control refers to avoiding any activity that allows the sperm to reach the vagina. Partners should avoid penetrative vaginal intercourse and any other action that might bring sperm into touch with the vagina.

Abstinence is 100 percent effective in principle, but any activity that places the penis near the vagina enhances the odds of conception. Abstinence has no physical adverse effects and is free. It can, however, be tough to keep up.

Awareness about Your Ovulation Cycle:

There are particular days during the menstrual cycle when pregnancy is more likely. Fertility awareness, also known as natural family planning or the rhythm technique, includes avoiding sex that might lead to pregnancy. Also, using another type of birth control on these high fertility days is helpful for those who want to avoid pregnancy.

Tracking Ovulation Cycle

Tracking Ovulation Cycle

For this to work, the woman must –

  • Have a consistent, predictable period cycle.
  • Be familiar with their period cycle.
  • Take birth control or avoid sex on days when pregnancy is possible.

Outer-course:

Outer-course can be defined in two ways. One type of sexual activity is non-vaginal penetration. The third type of sexual activity is one that does not include penetration – oral, anal, or vaginal.

Outercourse for Birth Control

Outercourse for Birth Control

Kissing, masturbation, manual stimulation, body-to-body rubbing, fantasizing, sex toys, and oral and anal intercourse are all examples of outer-course without vaginal penetration. This birth control option is almost 100% successful, but this is difficult to attain. Pregnancy is only probable if there is sperm or pre-ejaculate on the hands, a sex toy, or near the vagina.

Surgical Birth Control Methods –

Female Sterilization:

Female sterilization is also known as tubal ligation. Tubal ligation is surgery on a woman’s fallopian tubes. This results in permanent infertility by inhibiting ovum transit to the uterus. This also prevents sperm from passing up the tube to the ovulating ovary, where fertilization typically happens.

Female Sterilization - Birth Control

Female Sterilization – Birth Control

Except in rare situations, this treatment is nearly 100% successful. Tubal ligation has three to seventeen failures per 1,000 surgeries, depending on the approach used by your doctor.

Male sterilization:

Vasectomy is another name for male sterilization procedures. Broadly, a vasectomy is a straightforward and permanent male sterilization operation. The vas deferens, the tubes in the male reproductive system that deliver sperm, must be sealed during the procedure. A vasectomy prevents sperm from leaving the testes. This operation has no effect on a man’s capacity to orgasm or ejaculate. There will still be fluid ejaculation, but it will be devoid of sperm.

Male Sterilization - Birth Control

Male Sterilization – Birth Control

This method is almost entirely successful. Although vasectomy has a failure rate of less than 1%, failure is conceivable but uncommon.



Other Birth Control Methods –

IUDs

IUDs (intrauterine devices)

An IUD is a T-shaped – small piece of plastic with copper or hormones which a doctor places inside a lady’s uterus.

They are of two kinds – 

  • Copper IUDs gives out a small amount of copper to stop the sperm from fertilizing an egg. It can last up to 10 years. It should be checked by your doctor after every few years.
  • Hormonal IUDs gives out a small amount of hormone to stop pregnancy. There are 4 different types of hormonal IUDs. Hormonal IUDs last from 3 to 6 years.

IUDs are extremely effective at preventing pregnancy. One does not feel the IUD when it’s in place and one does not need to worry about it.

IUDs don’t protect you or your sex partner from STDs or STIs. Using a condom is helpful at these times.

If you have an IUD but you want to get pregnant, it can easily be removed by a doctor.

Spermicide:

This is a foam, jelly, cream, or film that is inserted into the vagina before intercourse and includes a sperm-killing agent. Some varieties must be set up 30 minutes in advance. It might irritate the vagina and increase the risk of infection and STDs if used often.

Birth Control Pills:

One of the most popular birth control methods is to go on a oral contraceptive pill simply known as ‘The Pill’. It is a combination of both progesterone and estrogen. The hormones triggered by this pill safely stop ovulation. It also thickens the mucus on the cervix. This blocks the sperm so that it cannot make its way to an egg.

Oral Contraceptives and Condoms

Oral Contraceptives and Condoms

Birth Control Pills are effective if you take them every single day. These oral contraceptives also protect against certain cancers like ovarian and uterine, they help in migraines and help cure acne.

The best way to take an oral contraceptive is to take them same time every day. These oral contraceptives can also lead to weight gain, nausea, headaches, spotting, mood swings or decreased sex drive.

Birch control pills are only available on prescription.

Male Condoms:

The condom prevents sperm from entering the woman’s body, protecting her from pregnancy and some STDs. In a year, 15% of couples who use just male condoms become pregnant.

Condoms for Birth Control

Condoms for Birth Control

Female Condoms:

This is a tiny plastic bag that is placed within the vagina. A lady can wear it for up to 8 hours before sex. They would do it by grasping a flexible plastic ring at the closed end.

Diaphragm:

This is a rubber dome that women wear over their cervix before having intercourse. In an average year, 16 of 100 women who utilize it become pregnant.



Conclusion –

Mentioned above are some of the basic birth control methods which one can follow if you do not want to extend your family. Sex education at an early age plays a vital role in family planning. A lot of unplanned pregnancies and heartaches can be saved if men and women are more aware of using birth control pills and other methods to put a stop to unwanted pregnancies.

Shivani Kapur

A Writer at Heart, an Engineer by Qualification, and a Soap Crafter by Profession, Shivani does not fear to speak her mind. This blog is a reflection of some of her thoughts, personal experiences mixed with some well researched information. Please feel free to reach out to her (shivanikapur@gustchimes.com) if you have any questions or concerns :-)

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